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What to SEE in TRANSYLVANIA – Romania

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In Latin Transylvania It means “land beyond the forest”. It is a very beautiful landscape of mountains and forests. His name passed into popular culture by Bram Stoker’s blood count, but although this part of Romania it has its own identity today literature and cinema contribute to tourism.

So let’s see Transylvania and its tourist offer.

Transylvania

It is a part of Romania that it is in the center of the country, surrounded by an arc of the Carpathian mountain range. It is inhabited by approx. five million people and it has several important towns, although some are more important than others to the casual visitor.

Vlad Tepes, the Impaler was a Wallachian nobleman who lived in the fifteenth century and who, according to legend, impaled around 80,000 enemies. He was undoubtedly a local hero, as the principality had by then fallen into the hands of the Turkish Empire. He still had autonomy, but sometimes the relationship was contentious, a situation which worsened when the sultans began to choose the prince without consulting the Romanian nobility.

In this situation, Vlad Tepes lived and gained his bloody fame, a fame that prompted the Irish writer Bram Stoker to write a literary work inspired by him in 1897. In the end, he continued to serve his land, but already at the 21st century attracts tourists. .

we said that in Transylvania there are many interesting towns or villages but some are more so than others. For instance, Brasov It is a fate that should not be avoided. Here is one of best preserved medieval villages in all of Transylvania.

Brasov is southeast of Transylvania, 166 kilometers from the national capital, Bucharest and by hand from other destinations in the country. You can visit several museums, of history, art, ethnography, of the city and some very beautiful fortified buildings such as the sound castle. There are also several medieval churches. Bran Castle is near Brasov and is a gothic building It looks like something out of a fairy tale. The relationship with the count is quite tenuous worse yet it is sold as the Dracula’s Castle.

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you are not far The Fortified Churches of Harman with its imposing 13th century Saxon towers and the Prejmer Fortified Church, the largest in southeastern Europe. Also nearby, Hunedoara, there is Corvinilor Castle from the 15th century with its sumptuous Salle des Chevaliers.

If you like medieval military buildings, there is also the Rasnov Fortress from the 14th century, built by the Teutonic Knights to protect the people of Transylvania from the Turks and Tatars.

The ruins of the citadel of Poienari they are also a good fate, really connected with Vlad. The Peles Castle Built by King Carol I in the middle of the 19th century, it is another charm, easier to reach by bus or train from Brasov.

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Another destination in Transylvania is Sibiu, with its cobbled streets and pastel colored houses. It was founded by the Saxons in the 12th century and has been part of Romania since 1918. It is a city with ethnic diversity and this is reflected in its architecture.

Their the urban center is a charm and one of the best preserved in the country. The Cibin River runs through it and it is surrounded by mountains. If you are not going to rent a car to get around, you can always do it by train from town to town, a very efficient means of transport.

So in Sibiu you have to walk in the historic center and its system of places, three, its upper town and its lower town. In the Lower Town the streets are long and wide and there are small squares and although almost all the medieval fortifications have lost the battle to urbanisation, there are still a few towers and a 14th century church to be seen . The three plazas we named earlier are in Upper Town and extend up the hill.

A museum that must be visited here is the Bruckenthal Castle Museum and move a little northwest to meet Marginimea Sibiului, the handful of 19 traditional villages. Another town on the tourist route is Sighisoara with its beautiful perched citadel, its 14th century clock tower and its secret passages.

It’s in the Carpathians and it’s beautifully medieval. Its historic center is a World Heritage Site since 1999 and is here where Vlad Tepes was born.Other charming but more remote villages are found in the Ariesi Valley and are known as Moti Land.

Beyond medieval towns and villages, Transylvania has other things to offer. For instance, thermal waters. For this you can go to Lake bar in Sovata, which they say cures infertility. Or enjoy the warm waters of Ocna Sibiului, near Sibiu, with almost as much salt as the Dead Sea. To try a volcanic gas sauna, we can go to Cosvana. 20 minutes there under medical supervision.

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With such forests and mountains the area invites for hiking and camping, so that’s another option. The Carpathians are beautiful and inhabited by wolves and lynx and also contain the largest European population of Brown bears.

It is estimated that there are around 5,000 bears in the oak and maple forests and it seems that the population skyrocketed during the time of the communist dictator Ceausesco who banned their hunting (only he could do that) . There are several bear viewing spots offered by the local government, so it’s best to sign up for a visit.

do you feel that rent a car and move more freely? then you can follow the Transfagarasan Road, a military road built in the 1970s, in communist times, which crosses the Fagaras mountains and zigzags to the valley of Lake Bâlea, passes through a 900-meter tunnel and descends into the Wallachian forests.

If you are going to spend time in Transylvania I would include in this list of attractions and destinations Alba-Iulia, with its beautiful citadel which is a window on the past, the Turda Salt Mine absolutely wonderful and Mamamures and its cemetery, protected by UNESCO. All, of course, seasoned with white wines and local dishes.

If you like old Europe, mountain villages, castles, starry nights, forests, folklore full of beings and legends… then Transylvania will not disappoint you.

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