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Typical Jalisco costume, characteristic of Mexican identity

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The typical costume of Jalisco has many similarities with the typical clothes of the mariachis, to the point that they are often confused. In fact, it is believed that the latter were born in the city of Jalisco de cuckold. However, they are not exactly the same. The second of them incorporates buttons on the pants and jacket, in addition to having a greater variety of colors.

However, the authentic typical costume of Jalisco, which will occupy this article, is more sober. As its name suggests, we are going to tell you about the classic clothes of this Mexican state, located in the western part of the country and bordering those of Nayarit, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Michoacan Yes Colimaas well as with the Pacific Ocean.

Peculiarities of the typical costume of Jalisco

We will start by doing a bit of history regarding this garment and then focus on the typical costume for men and women. They are both very, very different. more colorful and cheerful that of females.

costume history

The origins of charro suit, which as you may have already deduced is the traditional of Jalisco, dates back to the 16th century. Curiously, the clothes that identify Mexico abroad are thought to have been born in Spanish lands, more precisely in Salamanca.

As you may also know, the inhabitants of this province are called, precisely, charros. And, if you look at their typical clothes, it is true that they resemble the costume of Jalisco. The Spaniard consists of sturdy black trousers, a short black jacket and high riding boots. Likewise, the hat is similar, although with much smaller wings.

charros

Charros with the typical costume of Jalisco

This garment would have passed to America with the arrival of the Hispanics and would be adopted in the Jalisco region. However, it received several modifications. Over the following centuries it was improved by adding many handmade embroideries and embellishments. Already in the 19th century, it was the one used by the Chinacosname given to men who worked in the fields.

Out of curiosity, we will tell you that the emperor Maximilian of Habsburg He was a great admirer of the charro costume. He even used it several times while trying to adapt to his new nation. Already with the Mexican Revolution, this garment became popular, becoming the quintessential mexican costumesurpassing those typical of other regions of the country (if you want to know more about the latter, we recommend this article).

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However, currently not all typical charro clothing is the same. they differ work, media gala and gala costumes, although there is practically no difference between them. The only one lives the luxury of embroidery and embellishments that they incorporate. As you may have guessed, the former are more subdued than the latter, although they are all very beautiful and striking.

If you visit Guadalajara, the capital and the most popular city of the state of Jalisco, it will not be difficult for you to find yourself in their typical costume. Logically, its inhabitants do not use it on a daily basis, but They take advantage of any event to dress it up. But, without further ado, we are going to tell you about the typical Jalisco costume for women.

Typical Jalisco costume for a woman

Typical show in Jalisco

Typical woman costume from Jalisco

The women of Jalisco wear a one-piece dress with a long skirt. It’s done with poplin, its collar is high and its sleeves are ample. Likewise, in its upper part, at chest height, it has some v-shaped balls which overlap. In addition, the skirt is quite wide.

Regarding the color, it is generally one toneeven if it contrasts with the cheerfulness colored bands that he has superimposed and also with the lace that he has as decorations. As for the shoes, they are laced and have different accessories. Finally, the headdress is made with ribbons identical to those on the dress.

Jalisco costume for men

mariachis

mariachis

Regarding the charro suit for men, it is composed, in its upper part, of a shirt on which short jacket. It reaches to the lower chest and its sleeves are also short to show the silver trim dolls. Similarly, it can even be adorned with 70s buttons of the same tone, although they can also be golden.

As for the pants, they are tight, in suede or fabric and in dark tones. They also wear embellishments along all legs. The clothes are completed with lace-up boots in the same color as the costume.

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We must make separate mention of the hat. It was originally intended to resist the effects of the Jalisco sun and also as protection against falls from a horse. For this reason they were made with hare hair, wool felt or wheat straw and they had four stones or ribbons on their cut which doubled it and made it more resistant.

The brim of this typical hat is tall and wide, as well as double on his back. Finally, it is sometimes decorated with toquilla or embroidered trim. This design was so useful for field work that it became typical of all of Mexico.

Finally, another piece that cannot be missing in the charro style is the serape. In this case, it is not a garment, but a kind of blanket that riders wore next to their horse’s mount. So you won’t see it when you attend balls or parades on foot, but you will see it when it comes to equestrian passes or charro shows which we will show you next.

When do we wear the typical costume of Jalisco?

A charro skirmish

charro skirmish

Indeed, once we have explained to you what the Jalisco costumes for men and women look like, we will focus on telling you about the events and festivities where it is more common to find people dressed in them.

The show par excellence where these outfits are worn are those of the charreria. The traditional equestrian events of the Aztec country receive this name. They thrive in arenas called charro canvases and they consist of riders performing different exercises on the backs of their horses.

As a sport, it was born at the beginning of the 20th century to commemorate the work of cattle breeding in the countryside which was falling into disuse. The charrería is organized in Mexico by a federation and its traditions have been recognized as Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO to preserve them.

Currently, women also play an important role in charrería. Not only because each year one is chosen Queen responsible for inaugurating the various festivities, but also because take part in equestrian competitions. They are Amazons who participate above all in the discipline known as charro skirmish. It consists of groups of eight Amazons who perform choreographies on the backs of their horses and to the rhythm of the music.

But, fortunately, more and more charras are encouraged to practice other chances of the spectacle. Among the most important we mention the horse handle, the riders of bulls and mares, the piales on the canvas, the manganas on foot or on horseback, the triplet in the ring or the passage of death.

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Logically, in these cases, women wear other types of accessories for their costume. Among them, boots with spurs, hat and staff. In addition, they place on the horse a special mount called packs.

The day of Charros

The Passage of Death

Charros representing the passage of death

The charrería is so united to the Mexican tradition that every September 14, the Aztec country celebrates the charro day. Throughout its territory (if you want to read an article on Veracruz, click here) equestrian and musical shows are held to pay homage to him. As for the latter, the mariachis They are the absolute protagonists.

With regard to the state of Jalisco, of which we are speaking, on this date Guadalajara celebrates the International Meeting of Mariachi and Charrería. As you can imagine, the streets of the capital are decorated and thousands of men and women roam them dressed in typical Jalisco costume and performing traditional music.

The events relate mainly to the place of liberation, where there are many verbenas. But there are also parades, galas in the Slit Throat Theater and even masses sung in the Zapopan Basilica.

Folk groups perform musical genres such as Tapatio syrup, also known as the “Mexican hat” because it is left on the ground and danced around. It is a courtship dance whose origins must be sought in the Mexican Revolution.

Equally popular in this type of celebration are the Snakea dance that recreates the work of the fields, iguana and the wheelieamong other dances that the performers perform while listening to the mariachi sounds. It is the name given to the songs that accompany the dances and shows of the charrería and are therefore closely linked to the typical costumes of Jalisco.

In conclusion, we talked about the Typical costume of Jalisco both for men and women. But we have also explained to you the importance of the world of charrería in Mexico, which includes these clothes and also the sounds of mariachi. All this configured a culture that crossed the borders of the Aztec country to become popular all over the world.

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