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Typical costume of the Andean region

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Lily “Andean region” and we think of South America and various countries, but actually, more specifically, it refers to one of the six natural regions that make up Colombia. It obviously bears the name of the Cordillera de los Andes.

This in the center of Colombia and it has three branches of the Andes, the Central Cordillera, the Occidental and the Oriental. Of course, it has landscapes full of valleys, plateaus and canyons and it is a very beautiful region of the country. People here have their customs and dressing a certain way is one of them. Next, What is the typical costume of the Andean region?

Andean region

As we said, it is one of the natural regions of Colombia. Have many mountains and many varied landscapess and in addition it is a heavily populated area and of great economic activity. Here is the volcanic massif, the Santa Rosa de Osos plateau, the Cauca river valley, the so-called Nudo de los Pastos, the Serranía de Perijá and the Nevado de Tolima, to name just a few of its sub-regions.

In the Andean region much of Colombia’s water resources are located and huge agricultural extensions, including the Coffee axis. It is also the country of the famous Colombian emeralds and also the region where Bogotá, Medellín and Calí are located.

The typical costume of the Andean region

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As we said in this type of article, there is not just one traditional costume but several. And all of them, of course, are related to local culture and folklore. The Andean region is diverse because there has been a great cultural syncretism: wing indigenous culture has been added since colonial times African and Spanish culture. If we add to this the diversity of climates and landscapes, the result is a veritable cultural melting pot.

The typical costumes are varied, there are old ones, there are newer ones and those that only appear in cultural festivals or those that are linked to a certain historical moment and nothing else. Thus, we can name some of the most popular.

Let’s start with the typical costumes of Antioch. They are simple, working people’s clothes. The man dresses like a typical country muleteer, with long denim pants, with the sleeves rolled up, and a shirt with the sleeves also rolled up.

On their heads they wear a hat with a black ribbon, typical of Antioquia, with a machete, a light poncho and a rail (leather bag. For their part, women, generally coffee pickers known as chapolas, they have a white blouse with wide sleeves and a high neck, an apron over a floral and lace print skirt and a matching scarf. They also wear a wide hat, sneakers and a basket in their hands.

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The Boyaca typical costume it’s hot because it’s cold here. The man is dressed in black trousers, a thick virgin wool ruana, a cloth hat and a white shirt with a handkerchief. In case you are going to dance the guabina, folk dance, the pants are rolled up, they wear sneakers and a jipa hat. And the woman? She wears a heavy black skirt, with ribbons of different colors, a white petticoat, a plain blouse with embroidery, a black mantilla, and a jipa hat, among other variations.

Tolima has a beautiful colorful costume: for women, the skirt is colorful, with silk ribbons and a white petticoat with striking lace. They wear a white blouse with a bust, 4/4 sleeves and a high neck, also with lace and on the skirt itself. On the feet, espadrilles, like the men. They wear white pants and a shirt and a red scarf around their necks. The fique backpack, made of natural fibres, is not lacking.

Tolima and Huila are two departments and although we are talking about the costume of Tolima there is also a Huila costume, the typical opita costume. It is used to dance the sanjuanero, the official dance of the Reign of Bambuco national festival, in Neiva. The women are very elegant, with a wide satin skirt with three ruffles and layered flowers, beads and sequins plus a petticoat, and a white blouse with more decorations. On the head, huge flowers. The Huila man wears black pants, a leather belt, sneakers and a hat with a white shirt with pleats in the front and sequins. A red scarf completes the outfit.

Santander also has its own typical costume. The women wear a flowing black percale skirt with colored ribbons as decorations on the hem, a white blouse also with ribbons, espadrilles and a jipa hat. The man is dressed in rolled up black trousers, but one leg is always rolled up more than the other, a white shirt with an embroidered plastron and a hat adorned with an elegant peacock feather.

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In Nariño, men and women show their calves in the air. The woman has a long-sleeved white blouse and a black skirt with a colored petticoat underneath. They also have a silk scarf, low velvet or woolen shoes and a cloth hat. To match, the man has black pants, a white shirt, and a woven ruin, over the shoulder.

In Cauca, shorter combinations are also used. The typical costume of the caucano is more indigenous and there are several because there are several ethnic groups here. But, for example, there is the costume of the Guambianos: the men have a straight blue mid-calf skirt, a cotton shirt, a colored scarf, a felt hat, boots or shoes, a belt and two ruanas , one black and the other grey. . The women’s skirt is semi-straight and black, with silk ribbons matching the colors of the shawl. The shirt is red or blue and they wear felt bowler hats and white collars.

So far some of the best typical costumes of the Andean regiona region that occupies several departments: all the so-called departments Coffee Axis (Quindío, Risaralda, Caldas and Antioquía), Huila, Nariño, Cundinamarca, Tolima, Santander, Boyacá and Norte de Santander.

It is the country of many popular festivals and it is in these festivals that all these wonderful, beautiful and colorful costumes are revealed.

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