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Russian traditional costume | Travel News

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In a world where culture tends to be more and more global, cultural traditions of each country resist like the heart of the people. And when this people occupies a large territorial extension, its culture is likely to be rich, varied, diverse. This is the case of Russia.

Today we are going to talk about Russian traditional costume. A colorful costume, with great decorations and always handmade. Heritage of ancestors, this costume continues to appear in churches, theaters, dance studios, festivals.

Russian traditional costume

Russian traditional costume it began to develop as such, with its specificities, from the 9th century. It is not known with certainty when but it is estimated that it was on this date or a century before.

Until the beginning of the 18th century, peasants and boyars (the nobles), wore traditional costumes, but in 1700 Tsar Peter the Great began to introduce some changes dress more western clothes. Pedro loved Europe, he admired it, so he began to ban the wearing of traditional costumes, at least in Russian cities.

It was therefore incumbent on the Russian peasants to preserve and preserve the richness and beauty of the Russian traditional costume. Some of the traditional pieces are no longer in use today, but others have managed to survive the test of time, eventually becoming iconic.

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But is there more than one traditional Russian costume? Sure. In principle, we can speak of two, the sarafan and he put The sarafan is like a jumper wide and long worn over a long linen shirt fastened with a belt. This belt is a classic and was worn under the sarafan. This garment is mentioned for the first time during the fourteenth century and was worn only by men, it is only in the seventeenth century that it appears as a female garment.

the sarafan it was made with plain linen or cheap printed cotton which was produced in quantity at the factories of Moscow and the Ivanovo and Vladimir regions. This long, colorful dress with off the shoulders was worn over a simple garment called a rubakha.

If the sarafan was required on a special occasion, then you can add silks and brocades or embroideries with gold and silver. The use of sarafan spread to the northern provinces of the then Russian Empire, as far as Novgorod, Pskov, Vologda and Arkhangelsk.

Now well, the poneva is a type of skirt commonly used in provinces south of Moscow such as Voronezh, Tambov and Tula. It is indeed, older than sarafan. The poneva is a plain or striped skirt gathered with a rope or wrapped around the hips, worn with a loose shirt with embroidered sleeves and an apron richly decorated with bows and colored trimmings.

On the other hand we have the rubakha, a shirt huge which is like the basic element of the Russian costume. It was used by everyone, men, women, rich and poor. The fabric can then be thin or cheap, silk or cotton. It was a very comfortable garment and Almost nothing changed until the 20th century.

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The kokoshnik was a female garment that adorned the head. It was common for women to wear ornaments on their heads and hair, and depending on their social status, they were allowed to put on a show of these ornaments. Married women had to cover it completely with this garment, but unmarried women could decorate it with flowers and other things. This element used to be made of expensive materials and appeared only a few times a year.

For everyday life, only hats or a tied shawl called povoyniki were used. The fur coat is called shuba and has survived the passage of centuries, being very popular throughout the country. It was used by both men and women, because remember that Russia has a freezing climate. Fur was used inside the garment while other decorations were on the outside. Today the coat is simpler but has the same purpose: to keep you warm.

Word caftan It is best known because it is a word that comes from the Middle East. However, it has penetrated deep into Russia and is almost part of its typical costumes. Is a coatquite similar to any modern coat, but which is made with expensive fabrics and decorated with embroidery. Russia being a huge country, the fabrics vary, as do the decorations. Sometimes they have embroidered beads, on the south buttons or woolen decorations appear.

Now well, From the 14th to the 18th century, there are some changes in the traditional Russian costume due to closer contacts between Russia and Europe.. Let us think that at this time Italy or France exported wool, silk and velvet and that decorated clothing began to gain importance. For example, at the time of Ivan the Terrible, those who entered the Kremlin had to wear traditional costumes out of respect for the throne, or in the 17th century, those who “Westernized” a lot, in clothes and hairstyles, were punished .

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Thus, except moments and exceptions Western fashion has struggled to penetrate Russia. As we said before, after Peter the Great arrived and things changed hand in hand with this reformer of morals. The imperial family took the first step in the evolution of fashion, dressing the european style, more French inclination, with corsets and high headdresses that women began to wear.

Obviously, only the wealthy could afford such fashion changes, so there was immediately that dividing line between those who had economic power and wore it while visiting the European and those who didn’t and had to stay with traditional clothes. In the cities, Moscow or Saint-Petersburg, it was much more marked.

In the 19th century and XX the rococo style became the dominant style, but with the new century simplified fashion then the most comfortable Russian clothes like the beloved sarafans returned to the ring. With the Soviet Union, the style was simplified even more, but somehow, in festivals, the traditional Russian costume or costumes managed to be preserved.

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