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Megalithic Temples of Malta | Travel News

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the world has a lot mysterious sites, of which little is known and much is presumed. Malta is one of them or, more precisely, the megalithic temples of malta. You know them? Don’t they intrigue you?

Malta is part of the European Union and although small, it is a country where many people live. Here, in this strange geography today much visited by tourists thanks to its warm climate, there are three world heritage and many of the oldest and most mysterious megalithic temples in the world.


It’s a Independent state located in southern Italy and that although it has been at the mercy of different countries throughout its history, it has been truly independent since 1964. It is a island state made up of three islands, Malta itself, Gozo and Comino. There are also other islands.

The Maltese climate is hot in summer and in winter it rains little. That is why many tourists go there. For its beaches and of course, for these super curious megalithic temples.

Megalithic Temples of Malta

There are seven megalithic temples in Malta that UNESCO recognizes as World Heritageyes They are in Malta and on the island of Gozo. In the former are the temples of Hagar Qim, Mnajdra and Tarxien, Ta’Hagrat and Skorba while in Gozo are the two huge temples of Ggantija.

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All are monumental prehistoric structures They are thought to have been built during the fourth and third millennia BC. They are among the first standing stone structures in the world and are striking in their shapes and decorations. The truth is that each complex is unique and a masterpiece due to the technological prowess it represents.

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Specialists say that each monument has a different technique, plan and articulation, although there are common features like the elliptical patio in front and the concave facade. In general, the entrance is located on the facade, in the middle of the facade, it opens onto a monumental passage with a paved patio and the interior is made up of semicircular rooms arranged symmetrically on either side of the entrance. axis of the building.

These cameras vary in number depending on the building, sometimes there are three cameras, sometimes four or five and maybe six. There are horizontal stones and huge standing stones, it is believed that there were ceilings and everything suggests that the method of construction reveals a great deal of refinement. The stone used is available locally, it is coral limestone for exterior walls and a softer limestone for interiors and decorative elements. Yes, there are some decorations inside the buildings and they also reveal a significant degree of craftsmanship.

Enough to decorative elements We speak? Panels decorated with holes, spiral patterns, trees, plants and animals. It is believed from the architectural design and decorations that these ancient buildings served some ritual role for the company that built them.

Almost all the information you will find on the megalithic temples of Malta comes from the orthodox archeology. This science, based on the analysis of bones, ceramic fragments and different marks, has established that humans had lived in Malta since at least 5200 BC.. They lived in caves but then built houses and entire villages. It is believed that more or less after 1600 years of arriving on the island, the construction of these huge temples began, of which today only something like their skeletons can be seen.

After a moment of glory and splendor it seems that Around 2300 BC. AD, this fantastic culture began to decline rapidly.and. Because? It is believed that due to extreme deforestation, loss of soil, increase in population and use of resources for agriculture… There is also talk of famine, social conflict around an oppressive religion or the arrival of foreign invaders. However, no matter what, the Maltese culture declined and until the arrival of people in the Bronze Age around 2000 BC. The island was deserted.

The best known ruins are those of the temple of Hagar Qim and those of Mnajdra, on the southwest coast of Malta, facing the sea towards the uninhabited island of Filfla almost five kilometers away. This plain has two types of limestone, a lower and harder one which is used at Mnajdra and another upper and softer one which is used at Hagar Qim.

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Hagar Qim it means “standing stones” and before the ruins were discovered they were covered in a mound of stone with only a few standing rocks protruding from the top. The temple is believed to have been built in stages between 3500 BC and 2900 BC and It has the biggest stones on the island. It is a solid rock of seven meters by three meters and a weight of about 20 tons.

The ruins were first explored in 1839 and more serious excavations were carried out between 1885 and 1910. In the case of theThe Mnajdra temples are about 500 meters west of Hagar Qimnear the tip of the promontory facing the sea. The complex has two buildings, a main temple with two elliptical chambers and a smaller temple with another chamber.

Astronomical observation temples? Perhaps. The main entrance faces east and at the autumn and spring equinoxes, the first rays of the sun fall on a stone on a wall of the second bedroom. In summer as in winter, the sun illuminates the corners of two pillars that are in the passage that connects the main rooms.

It’s really wonderful because the two temple complexes are astronomically aligned and not only once a day but several times: in Hagar Qim, for example, at dawn, the rays of the sun pass through what is called the oracle and project the image of a disk more or less of the same size as it is. it is seen from the moon and, over the minutes, the disc grows in size and becomes an ellipse. Another alignment occurs at sunset.

The truth is that these astronomical questions are super rare because if we believe in orthodox archeology at this time, this knowledge…. There is one thing wrong. Other researchers suggest other more interesting ideas: the peak moment of the sun at the solstices is not fixed but varies with the angle, increasing or decreasing, of the axis of the Earth in relation to the plane of its orbit around the sun. These changes are technically known as “ellipse obliquity” and they have a range of 23 degrees and 27 minutes.

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Thus, a great cycle of more than 40 thousand years is revealed and if the alignments are old enough they will incorporate a degree of error caused precisely by this changing obliquity. From this error, it is then possible to calculate the exact date of construction of the temples.

Thus, in the case of the Mnajdra temples, their alignment is good but not very perfect. Thus, the calculation suggests that the perfect alignment must have occurred at least twice in the past 15,000 years: once in 3700 BC and once before, in 10205 BC. They are much older than what is said.

Very rare… But what adds mystery is that beyond his relationship with the stars the megalithic temples of Malta reveal a high degree of mathematical and technical sophistication. You knew it? Maybe not, because anything to do with stars, mathematics, and successful engineering in general is left out of orthodox archaeology. Moreover, there is nothing in the world that resembles these temples so its very existence is enigmatic.

Finally, we cannot forget either the complex of Hal Saflieni Templesknown as the hypogeum. It has three underground levels 12 meters deep, a spiral staircase leading down, and two chambers called the Oracle and the Holy of Holies. There are also the tarxian templesin which a colossal statue with an original height of two and a half meters, baptized as the Mother Goddess.

are added the temples of Tas-Silg and the temples of Skorba and the strange rails dug in the ground which are found in various parts of Malta and sink into the sea. They look like tire tracks, but they probably aren’t. And what are they? Well, another mystery.

And of course, if you want to know more about the suspicions, speculations, suggestions, suppositions and the like that exist around the megalithic temples of Malta, there are many interesting books and websites. My first approach to this mystery was from the hand of a classic: Erich Von Daniken.

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