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Introduction of CHINESE Culture

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China It is a wonderful country with an ancient, rich and diverse culture. It’s like a world apart, with its languages, its festivals, its own zodiac, its own idiosyncrasy… if it were easier to speak Chinese, I think there would be a boom among students of this language . But the Chinese language is quite complicated…

Let’s not be sorry, today we have to talk about the big chinese culture.

China

China It is the most populated country in the world., has more than 1.4 billion inhabitants and it takes several weeks to complete the national census each time. Moreover, for some time and together with the idea of ​​”two systems, one country” (capitalism and socialism), it has become the world’s leading economic power.

China has 25 provinces, five autonomous regions, four municipalities under the central orbit and two special administrative regions, Macau and Hong Kong. It also claims Taiwan as another province, but the island has remained an independent state since the Chinese revolution.

It’s a huge country has borders with 14 nations Yes its landscapes are varied. There are deserts, mountains, valleys, canyons, steppes and subtropics. Its culture is ancient since the Chinese civilization was born centuries ago.

It was for almost all its millennial existence a monarchical state, but in 1911 the first civil war took place which overthrew the last dynasty. In this sense, I strongly recommend seeing the last emperor, an excellent film by Bernardo Bertolucci.

After the end of World War II and Japan’s withdrawal from Chinese territory the communists won the civil war and impose themselves on the government. It was then that the defeated Chinese migrated to Taiwan and founded a separate state, claimed forever from the mainland. Later would come years of change, socialist education, collective farms, starvation and finally, a different course that brought the country into the 21st century.

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Chinese Culture: religions

It’s a multi-religious country where they live Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholics and Protestants. Since the current constitution, freedom of worship is respected and it is a very important aspect among people.

These religions are present in many cities in China, depending on the ethnic group living there. It is worth specifying that there are more than 50 ethnic groups in China, although the majority is Han, but it is true that Chinese culture in general is crossed by Taoism and Confucianism, since these are the philosophies that permeate daily life.

Many Chinese practice a ritual of a religion, either out of valid belief or folklore. Prayers to ancestors, rulers, the importance of the natural world, or belief in salvation are constant. Worse still, today it is not that one of these religions is the majority and predominates. They are all, yes, very old and rich and branches have come loose from them everywhere.

The Buddhism it’s coming in India about 2 thousand years ago. Chinese people of the Han ethnic group are predominantly Buddhist, just like those who live in Tibet. In the country there are many Buddhist religious sites such as the Pagoda of the Wild Goose or the Temple of the Jade Buddha.

For its part, Taoism originated in the country and it is also about 1,700 years old. It was founded by Lao Tzu and is based on the way of the Tao and the “three treasures”, humility, compassion and frugality. It has a strong presence in Hong Kong and Macau. As for the Taoist sites, it is about Mount Shai in the province of Shandong or the Temple of the God of the City, in Shanghai.

There is also room for islam in China, arrived from Arab countries about 1,300 years ago and today it has around 14 million believers who are in Kazakh, Tatar, Tajik, Hui or Uyghur, for example. Thus, there is the Great Mosque of Xi’an or the Idgar Mosque, in Kashgar.

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Ultimately, Christianity and other forms of Christianity came to China from explorers and tradersbut settled better and better after the Opium Wars in 1840. Today closer to 3 or 4 million Chinese Christians and 5 million Protestants.

Chinese Cultures: food

I like. What can I say ? I like chinese food It is super varied in ingredients and cooking methods and it is impossible to get bored with the flavors it has. What you need to know about Chinese food culture is that It is divided into regions with different cooking methods.

So we have Cuisine of North China, West China, Central China, East China and South China. Everyone has their own flavors, ingredients and way of cooking them. The Chinese love to eat and tend to follow a marked rhythm label. Where each guest is seated is important, as being the guest of honor is not the same as someone else. And until that special someone doesn’t feel like it, no one does. It is also his turn to make the first toast.

At mealtime, you have to let the older ones do it first, you have to take the bowl like the others, there is a certain order in your fingers, it’s practical to take the food from the plates that are close to you. each other so as not to lie on the table and get bored, you must not fill your mouth, talk with your mouth full, do not stick chopsticks into food but support them horizontally, things like that.

A separate paragraph deserves it tea in China. It’s a whole culture. Tea is produced here and consumed all day, every day. If you think there is only black, red and green tea… you are completely wrong! Take advantage of your trip to learn all about tea. The quality of tea is judged by fragrance, color and taste, but the quality of tea and even the cup matters. The environment is also important, which is why we take care of the atmosphere, the techniques, whether or not there is music, the landscape…

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There are specially designed tours to learn more about Chinese tea history and philosophy.

Chinese culture: the zodiac

the chinese zodiac is a cycle of 12 years and each year is represented by an animal which has certain attributes: rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, goat, monkey, rooster, dog and pig.

East 2021 is the year of the beef, a traditional symbol of power in Chinese culture. It is often believed that an ox year will be a year that will bear fruit and bring good luck. Are there any signs that are considered unlucky? yes it seems that it is not good to be born in the year of the goat that you will be a follower and not a leader…

On the contrary, if you were born in the year of the dragon, it is wonderful. In fact, those born in the year of the Dragon, Snake, Pig, Rat or Tiger are the luckiest.

Chinese culture: festivals

With such a rich culture, the truth is that festivals and cultural events abound in the country. all year round, and the vast majority are organized according to the Chinese lunar calendar. The most popular holidays are Mid-Autumn Festival, Chinese New Year, Harbin Ice Festival, Tibet Shoton Festival and Dragon Boat Festival.

Afterwards, it’s true that there are magnificent festivals in Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Guilin, Yunnan, Tibet, Guangzhou, Guizhou… So, if you are interested in witnessing or participating in one of between them, it’s worth checking out what will happen when you leave.

As for imported festivals they also take place in China, at Christmas, Valentine’s Day, Thanksgiving or Halloween, to name only the best known. Fortunately, there are tourist agencies that will organize tours taking into account precisely the events and festivals.

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