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DISCOVER What to SEE in BULGARIA

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Bulgaria is a small country in the Balkan, mountainous and full of treasures for the traveler. The territory has been inhabited for thousands of years there is therefore a bit of everything, which gives a unique and unforgettable imprint.

Today, what to see in bulgaria

Bulgaria

Its most famous mountains are the Balkans proper, the Stara Planina, the Rhodopes and the Rila. coast on the black sea and the plains of Thrace and the Danube are its most fertile plains.

Its capital is Sofia and the nation’s history dates back to the 7th century, being the cultural heart of the Slavic people in the Middle Ages. For five centuries it was under the control of the Ottoman Empire, then a principality was born at the end of the 19th century, and it became a sovereign nation in 1908.

After World War II, it remained in the orbit of the soviet socialist republics until the fall of the Bloc at the end of the 1990s.

What to see in Bulgaria

We can start with your beautiful old capital, the city of Sofia. It is in the west of the country, surrounded by mountains. It is one of the oldest capitals in Europe since its history dates back to the 8th century BC, when the Thracians arrived.

The city is the center of the country and is very important religiously because it is seat of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, in addition to museums and universities. Keep in mind that winters are cold and snowy, so beware of going in January, its coldest month. Summer is the best time.

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Here in Sofia you can visit the Opera House dating from 1891, the National Art Gallery, the National Historical Museum, the Archaeological Museum and of course, the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral with its beautiful crypt. The boyane church, For its part, it is a World Heritage Site.

Of course, strolling through its streets is a must to be able to admire the eclectic architecture who decorates it Some socialist monsters worthy of appreciation have been left between baroque and rococo jewelry. There are also well-maintained parks in the city and on the outskirts. For example, continue climbing until Mount Nitosh, 2000 meters above sea level, from where you have a breathtaking view of Sofia.

Plovdiv is the oldest continuously occupied city in Europe. Therefore, it has many historical sites, including a ancient roman amphitheater which still offers shows today. Churches also abound, all built on and around seven hills in the heart of the Balkans and the Rhodopes.

And if you like wine and like to try the local varieties every time you travel, well, this city has emerged very recently in the wine scene, then let’s drink it is said! Another visit not to be missed is the Rila Monastery.

This religious building is in the Rila Mountains And it’s beautiful and old. It was founded in the 10th century by Saint John of Rila, a hermit. Since then, thousands of travelers and pilgrims have visited it and continue to visit it.

Revolutionary leaders Vassil Levski and Peyo Yavorov are said to have taken refuge here and in the monastery played an important role in the preservation of Bulgarian literary culture conserving more or less 250 manuscripts from the 11th to the 19th century. The building is black and white, with many arches, wooden stairs and huge iron doors. Tiles add color and their murals are simply stunning.

The city of Nesebar this on the Black Sea coast, in the province of Burgas. has great value historical and artistic heritage, especially in its historic center. Three empires have passed through here, the Byzantine Empire, the Bulgarian and the Ottoman, although its origin dates back to the time when it was a greek colony called Mesembria and even earlier, to a Thracian colony.

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The city rests on a peninsula, originally an artificially annexed island with a 400 meter isthmus, and if anything it has in abundance, it is church yes Since 1983, the city is world heritage according to Unesco. Don’t leave without visiting the Basilica of the Holy Mother of God Eleusa, the Church of San Juan Bautista, that of Christ Pantocrator or that of the holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel, built between the 12th and 14th centuries.

And if you don’t like churches too much, you can always go to their Beaches. They are beautiful and usually this part of Bulgaria is called the pearl of the black sea. A very popular good beach is Sunny Beach.

For its part, Varna is a very refined coastal city with a lot of history. To meet her, you can take a tour of the Archaeological Museum with a gold display truly phenomenal. Most of it was found in the necropolis of Varna and consists of weapons, jewelry and coins from the year 4600 BC. Roman baths are also an option if history and archeology are involved.

On the other hand, the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin and the Opera are also open to visitors. And of course, the coast, the beaches and its bars and restaurants. It’s known as the maritime capital of Bulgaria.

what can we say about Banksko? If you love skiing and are not afraid of the Bulgarian winter, this is your destination. It’s in the south of the country at the foot of the Pirin Mountains with its peaks almost 3 thousand meters high, only 160 kilometers from the capital Sofia.

The ski station Bansko is well known and has one of the longest ski seasons in the country. You will be in competition with stations in Switzerland or France and will have cheaper prices. Obviously, beyond the sport there is everything to do before and after the activity.

Veliko Tarnovo in the center of the country, is a small town which shelters a treasure: the Tsarevets Fortress, once home to the Tsars. The fortress is a thousand meters high and made of stone and from there you have 360º views of the city and the surrounding hills.

In turn, the historical case of Valiko Tarnovo it is a gem with cobbled streets, traditional houses and old churches. There is also the Monastery of the Holy Transfiguration of God, a beautiful old building, surviving from the 300 monasteries that the city once had.

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Sozopol is a coastal town and the oldest city in the country. It dates from the year 610 BC and was founded by the Greeks traces of which are still visible. Later, other peoples and other empires would pass, so there were also traces of each of them in fortresses, churches and walls. But Sozopol too it’s a spa and the sea dominates its coast with prodigious beaches. There are usually cultural events and there are plenty of options for going out at night or eating out.

Koprivshtitsa It is a historical city on the banks of the Topolnitsa river, between the mountains. Its architecture is very Bulgarian and as it hosts many musical events, it is usually very visited. It was one of the centers of the famous 1876 April Uprising against the Ottoman Empire and it is only 11 kilometers from Sofia.

has quite 383 architectural landmarks and all look restored, as they were originally. Every five years, the city hosts the Bulgarian National Folklore Festival so artists, craftsmen and musicians from all over the country come together.

Do not miss to know the Oslekov House the original home of a wealthy merchant from 1856, and the Topalova House from 1854. Both have period furnishings and are a window into what life was like then in this quaint town.

Finally, another coastal town which in turn is surrounded by several lakes: Burgas. Tourism in Burgas arrived well into the 20th century, although the shipping industry did before, because the bay where it rests is ideal for the industry. Today the Beaches are well maintained and decorated with restaurants and bars that make driving more enjoyable.

And of course you can always explore the surroundings.

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