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6 Places to SEE in OVIEDO

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Oviedo is the capital of the Principality of Asturias, and as such is its political, religious and administrative heart. It is an ancient city and has many cultural treasures that any traveler can enjoy.

Today, What to see in Oviedo and its surroundings.

Oviedo

The city was founded in the year 761 on a hill. Monks Fromestano and Máximo built a monastery dedicated to San Vicente and later King Fruela I passed by and decided to add a basilica and other buildings in which his son, Alfonso II el Chaste, would eventually be born. Was there a Roman colony in the same place before? This is modern speculation.

He was Alfonso II the Chaste who moved the capital of Asturias to Oviedo, transforming it into an episcopal seat with palaces, churches and various fortifications. Today the wall is barely visible, there are ruins here and there, but at the time it protected the city by adapting to the shapes of the hill, guarding 11 hectares inside which there was a civil and religious area, another commercial area and the so -called Socastiello.

Oviedo It is linked to Santiago de Compostela. During the reign of Alfonso el Chaste, a tomb was discovered in Compostela which was supposed to be that of the apostle Santiago, which caused the king to grant the local church more space to venerate precisely this discovery and other treasures. In turn, the Church of Oviedo, to be up to the task, got its own, so according to what they say, the saying “Who goes to Santiago and not to San Salvador visits the servant and forgets the man“.

What to see in Oviedo

The historical Center Oviedo is the first treasure not to be missed. It is pedestrianized, so walking there is a pleasure. The walk from the University to the Cathedral, or from the Palacio del Marques de San Félix to Camposagrado is a journey of cultural and historical postcards with squares, streets, squares…

There are several places: there is Plaza de la Catedral, Plaza de Alfonso II el Casto, where the Rúa and Valdecarzana palaces are located, and Cimadevilla, the oldest part of the old town itself. This is where the Plaza de Trascorrales and Plaza de la Constitución are located, the 18th century town hall building and the Church of San Isidoro. There is also the square with the Fontán arcades, surrounded by colorful houses that are also in Daoíz and Velarde square.

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The University of Oviedo, from the 16th century, is located before arriving at Ensanche, and is worth a visit because there are always cultural activities. Once in the Expansion we enter the 19th century, in the Plaza de la Escandalera and the Campo de San Francisco park. There is the Regional Palace, seat of the Principality, the old Banco Herrero and Caja de Asturias, all buildings with a more French style. If you watch the Prince of Asturias Awards ceremony on TV, you can see where they are given, in the Campoamor Theater.

If shopping is your thing, then you have to walk down Calle Uría. The shops are numerous, but the architectural marvels are always in sight, for example, what was the Hospice Provincial, an 18th century building, today a luxury hotel.

Oviedo Cathedral is in the Flamboyant Gothic style and highlight its tower, the portico and the rose window. In the Holy Chamber there is the Holy Ark, the Victoria Cross and the Cross of the Angels, the relics that were so famous centuries ago that made pilgrims stop here on their way to Santiago de Compostela.

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It is in the surroundings of the cathedral that the other historical and important buildings are located. To know the Archaeological Museum in the former convent of San Vicente or the Museum of Fine Arts, at the Palace of Velarde. There is also the Church of San Tirso. The truth is that in these places we find many works of art that are well representative of Asturian art throughout the centuries.

The Asturian pre-Romanesque style is reflected in San Julián de los Prados, San Miguel de Lillo, the Church of Santa María de Bendones, San Pedro de Nora, San Tirso and Santa María del Naranco, All national monuments. With the Funcalada (a medieval fountain), the Holy Chamber and Santa Cristina de Lena are part of what UNESCO declared here Patrimonium of mankind.

In terms of museums, you can visit the Cathedral and the Holy Chamber, the Museum of Fine Arts, with works by El Greco or Goya, the Archaeological Museum, a must visit, the Interpretation Center of the Asturian Pre-Romanesque or the University of Oviedo Geology Museum. In fact, the university building itself, as we have already said, is a historical marvel. The Fontan market in the old town and a few meters from the Plaza del Ayuntamiento, this is where local smells and flavors predominate.

You can also know the Oviedo Synagogue, in the same area of ​​the Fontán, the aforementioned Plaza Trascorrales, with the statue of La Lechera or, the medieval wall. Many forget the wall, originally 1400 meters long, although today it only exists in certain streets (Paraíso and Postigo Alto) or the Los Pilares Aqueduct whose water reached the sources of Naranco, in Ules, Boo and Fitonia. Originally it had 42 arches and 390 meters long and 10 meters high, built in the 16th century, but in 1915 it was demolished to expand the city and only five arches are visible, which were restored in 2006 .

If you go there in summer or spring and feel like walking in the greenery, you can see the Rodriga Gardens, on Calle Campomanes and the Seminario, remains of noble gardens from the 19th century; or walk the Mount Naranco mountain range where the Pico Paisano rises 632 meters high with the sculpture of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and Panoramic views large and the churches that we named before, that of Santa María del Naranco or San Miguel del Lilo.

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You can also take a walk in the Campo de San Francisco or the Thomas purification parkthe west park the winter park the Campillin Park or the Garden of the Caudillo Kings for example.

What to see around Oviedo

If you are going to discover Oviedo and want to see what is in the surroundings, but without traveling long distances, there are destinations that are not far away and that you can reach. For example, there is the Spa town of Las Caldas, about 9 kilometers go more. It is an elegant spa villa from the 19th century.

There is also the Mining and Industry Museum and San Vicente Wells, half an hour from Oviedo, in El Entrego, mining area par excellence. Next to the museum is the well tower of San Vicente. Speaking of mining, there is also the Samuño Valley Mining Ecomuseum and San Lui Wellss which includes a train journey through the beautiful Samuño Valley, a one kilometer tour inside a mine and the entire mining town.

The Cave of La Peña de Candamo It is just over half an hour from Oviedo, in San Román, near the mouth of the Nalón River. There are cave paintings and engravings over 10 thousand years old, World Heritage Sites. And a little further you can get closer to the towns of Avilés and Gijón, with its urban attractions.

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