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5 Most Important MONUMENTS of ROME

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the Colosseum in Rome

The most important monuments in Rome are part of the long history of the Italian city. It’s not for nothing that it’s called “the eternal city”. Since its legendary founding by Romulus and Remus was the capital of the most powerful empire of antiquity, one of the places where the marvelous Renaissance and, already today, the nerve center of Italy.

Fruit of so many centuries of history are its spectacular monuments. You can find them built in Latin times, precisely Renaissance or Baroque and also contemporary. But they all have the common denominators of its splendor and beauty. On the other hand, it is always subjective to speak of the most remarkable. Because each visitor will have their favourites. However, we are going to show you which are, in our opinion, the most important monuments of Rome.

The Colosseum and the Forum

Colosseum and Roman Forum

Colosseum and Forum, two of the most important monuments in Rome

We start our tour from Coliseum one of the great symbols of the city, located in the eastern part of the roman forum. Built in the first century AD. It is a huge amphitheater (in fact, it is also known as Flavian Amphitheater) that can accommodate more than sixty thousand people spread over eighty rows of stands.

To give you an idea of ​​its greatness, the events of its inauguration lasted a hundred days and it was active for five centuries. was the emperor Domitian who ordered it to be built to be the most colossal in the Empire. It has hosted many gladiator fights, but also other shows such as animal hunts or theatrical performances.

But perhaps the most impressive events were the re-enactments of naval battles. For these, the sand has been transformed into a large artificial pool. This was oval in shape and had several later water filling and drainage systems. As a result, full-size ships participated in these battles.

On the other hand, the roman forum is the set of preserved remains of the center of the Latin Rome. He crosses the vsacred way, which, precisely, communicated this area with the Colosseum. But the most interesting thing you can see in the Forum is all the buildings from that era that it shows. It would be impossible to tell you all about them here. But we will give you as an example the temples of Romulus, Saturn or Vesta the Emilia and Julia basilicas The Arches of Titus and Septimius Severus vague Julia Curie which was the seat of the senate.


There are other forums in town. We must also mention you among them the Imperials, which are of Caesar, Augustus, Nerva and Trajan. They formed a complex next to the previous one.

Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore

Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore

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Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, one of those that make up the Pentarchy of Rome

declared Patrimonium of mankind, is an impressive temple that combines elements of the early Christian period with other Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque. Because its primitive construction dates back to the 5th century AD and, later, extensions and reforms were made.

But, if its exterior is spectacular, you will be even more surprised by all that its interior has to offer. One of its greatest attractions is the set of mosaics on the life of the Virgin Mary which date from the earliest times of the Church, that is to say from the 5th century. Grotto of the Nativity o Crypt of Bethlehem, which is located under the temple and which houses the remains of important figures in ecclesiastical history.

They are also spectacular The Sistine Chapel (not to be confused with Michelangelo) and Paulina. The first is the work of Dominique Fontana and is covered with marble. As for the second, the work of Flaminio Ponzi is baroque and includes the tombs of the popes Clement VIII Yes Paul V. Likewise, other gems that you can see in Santa María la Mayor are the sculptures Saint Cajetan holding the childof Bernini and those of the altar, of Pietro Bracci; The funerary monuments of the popes Clement IX Yes Nicholas IVdue, respectively, to Carlo Rainaldi, Dominique Guidi and the already mentioned Dominique Fontana and the frescoes in the sacristy, the work of Passignano Yes Giuseppe Apulia.


But Santa María la Mayor is not the only basilica to visit in the Eternal City. Also among the most important monuments of Rome are those that make up the pentarchy next to her. We talk about the spectacular Basilica of Saint John Lateran, considered the cathedral and also a World Heritage Site; the Saint Laurent Outside the Walls, whose construction began in the 5th century; the colossal of Vatican Saint Peter and the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls which also belongs to the papacy.

The Trevi Fountain, perhaps the most popular among Rome’s most important monuments

Trevi Fountain

The spectacular Trevi Fountain

We are now going to tell you about the famous Trevi Fountain both because it is one of the most important monuments in Rome and because it is one of the most popular. Practically all the tourists who pass through the Italian city come to visit it toss a coin in the water to make a wish.

It is a beautiful baroque construction of the 18th century due to the architect Nicholas Salvi, which took thirty years to complete. Take in the background the Poly Palace, to which it offers a new facade. answer the call giant command, architectural style characterized by its colossal dimensions (for example, the columns of the fountain have two floors). In the center it features a triumphal arch that opens into a columned niche. Allegorical figures such as Abundance or Health and a chariot guided by tritons taming seahorses complete the iconography.

On the other hand, as you know, the Trevi is not the only important fountain in Rome. We also advise you to consult the the houseboat work of Bernini, in the Spanish Steps; the of Moses, in the Plaza de San Bernardo; the the four rivers which is also due to Bernini and is located in Piazza Navona, or both from Piazza Farnese whose basins come from the Baths of Caracalla.

Castel Sant’Angelo

Castel Sant'Angelo

Bridge and Castel Sant’Angelo

Located on the right bank of the Tiber it is near Vatican. He communicates with him by Passetto di Borgo and of elio bridge, built in the first century AD. To the same period belongs the castle, also known as Mausoleum of Hadrian to shelter the remains of this emperor. However, it also served as the burial place for other Roman rulers such as Marc Aurelius, Comfortable That is Septimius Severus.

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The Castel Sant’Angelo has undergone several modifications in the medieval and the Renaissance. As a result, today one can see a building with a square plan that forms a cubic basement. Above there is a huge drum and above it another quadrangular construction. Finally, the whole is crowned by the figure of an angel.

However, originally it was even more spectacular. Above the drum was a mound of earth with trees and bronze statues. And, like a crown, on top of a plinth, there was a bronze chariot guided by the figure of Hadrian. As if all this were not enough, the entire cubic floor was covered in Carrara marble and the access aisle was also in marble. Additionally, there was an entrance arch.

On the other hand, the castle is not the only famous tomb in the Italian capital. You should also visit among the most important monuments of Rome the Agrippa’s Pantheon. It is a large circular construction surmounted by a dome which has served as a church since the 7th century, which has contributed to its good conservation. However, the entrance is a portico with large Corinthian columns and a frieze that gives access to the rotunda.

People’s Square

People's Square

Piazza del Popolo, with the obelisk and the “twin” churches

We end our tour of the most important monuments of Rome by telling you about Piazza del Popolo. There are many other wonderful ones in the city like Navona of which we have already spoken in passing, or the Spain Square also very famous.

But we chose the Popolo because it has always been considered the gate of rome. He received this name because it is from him that the vFlaminia, which linked the Latin city to the rest of Europe. It is a large circular surface in the center of which is a huge obelisk. In turn, at the four corners of it, there are as many lions whose mouths come out of the water falling into a pond. These sources are due to Giuseppe Valadier which was inspired by the old Giacomo Della Porta.

But the great symbol of the square is the Basilica of Santa Maria del Popolo built in the 11th century on the tomb of Domizi, in which he was buried Nero. However, it was rebuilt in the 15th century following the Renaissance style. But its present appearance is due to Gian Lorenzo Bernini who reformed it two centuries later by giving it an incomparable character baroque look. But, if it is beautiful on the outside, it has even more jewels on the inside. It houses two paintings by Caravaggio sculptures by Bernini himself and a magnificent organ.

In addition, in the square there are two other churches. They are the “twins” of Santa Maria in Montesanto and of Saint Mary of the Miracle. They are also Baroque and Bernini was also involved in their construction. However, in these cases the creator was Carlo Rainaldi.

In conclusion, we have presented to you some of the most important monuments in Rome. But there are so many that inevitably we left a lot of them in the pipeline. For instance, catacombs of the city, the Basilica of San Clemente vague Campidoglio Square. Likewise, we have not spoken of the wonders of the Vatican for, strictly speaking, they do not belong to the Eternal City, but to another State. Anyway, don’t you think Rome is full of beauty?

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