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5 Important MONUMENTS of SPAIN you CAN Not MISS

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Granada Alhambra

talk to you about important monuments of Spain this presupposes an effort to be concise and to summarize. Because our country has several centuries of history that have resulted in an incredible and extensive monumental and artistic heritage.

Greeks, Romans, Visigoths, Arabs and other peoples crossed the Iberian Peninsula. All left a relevant legacy in the form of buildings and culture. Since Asturias until Andalusia and of Extremadura until Aragon, the four cardinal points of our nation have buildings that deserve your visit and are among the most frequented by tourists from all over the world. But, in any case, we are going to show you our selection of important monuments in Spain.

The Alhambra in Granada

Court of the Lions

Court of the Lions, at the Alhambra in Granada

Work at the top of Andalusian architecture, the Alhambra is not a monument, but a group of them. Under this name are included the Arab citadel, beautiful gardens, old palaces and even a monastery later transformed into a tourist hostel.

You can access the enclosure through several doors. Among them, those of Arms, Justice, Wine, Seven Floors or Arrabal. On the other hand, in the citadel Homenaje and Vela towers. But where its chief wonders await you is in the medina. There are the palaces of which two stand out. That of Comares was built around the Patio de los Arrayanes in the 14th century, while the Lions it was built around the homonymous garden.

You can also see the call Mexuar, halls used to dispense justice and, in the Partal region, the remains of other older palaces. On the other hand, with the name Emperor’s Chambers a group of rooms built at the time of Charles I. However, they would soon fall into disuse when the palace intended for the Emperor.

It is also mandatory at the Alhambra to go through the march of the towers, which, as its name suggests, takes you to see Los Picos, la Cautiva, las Infantas and del Agua. But the other great jewel of this monumental ensemble is the Generalife. It is a rural villa surrounded by ornamental gardens and orchards used by the kings of Granada as a resting place. It also dates from the 14th century and around it you can also see other constructions from the Nasrid era. Among them, the moorish chairthe broken pool or the remains of Dar al-Arusa Palace.

The Holy Family

The Holy Family

La Sagrada Familia, one of the most important monuments in Spain

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This religious construction in Barcelona is the work of the genius of antonio gaudi. But it is also an example that great works can be built with a personal style full of fantasy. His full name is Expiatory Temple of the Sacred Family and the extraordinary Catalan architect began its construction in 1882.

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Curiously, it is not finished yet, but it is one of the most visited monuments in Spain. It reflects Gaudí’s creative fullness and is the best representative of the Catalan modernist architecture. In fact, he synthesizes perfectly all the styles he had developed until then. Between these, neogothic, naturalist or geometric.

The temple has a Latin cross plan with five central naves and a transept of three. It also has an apse with seven chapels. Externally, it has three facades, dedicated at the birth, the passion and the glory of Jesus. Likewise, when it is finished, it will have a total of eighteen towers, among which the central tower will stand out, ending in a dome and measuring almost one hundred and seventy-five meters in height.

As for its interior, the Sagrada Familia is also impressive. Gaudí’s genius created an organic space that looks like a forest, with columns in the form of a tree trunk. For their part, the vaults have a hyperboloid aspect and the windows are distributed in such a way as to let in harmonious and soft lighting. Likewise, everything in the temple has a symbolic value and Gaudí even took care of designing the decorative elements. This is the case of pulpits, confessionals or lecterns.

In short, the Sagrada Familia is a marvel due to the great Antonio Gaudí. Its uniqueness and majesty make it one of the most important monuments in Spain.

The cathedrals, essential among the important monuments of Spain

Burgos Cathedral

Burgos Cathedral

There are so many and so spectacular cathedrals in Spain that we don’t want to tell you about just one, but several. Perhaps the most visited is that of Seville for several reasons, in addition to its spectacular character. Among them it is one of the largest Gothic cathedrals in the world. But, probably, it is also influenced by having the popular Giralda. This Arab-era minaret belonged to the old 12th-century mosque and served as the bell tower of the temple. From then on is also preserved the precious Courtyard of the Orange Trees.

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Moreover, it is very visited the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, both to be a destination of pilgrimage and to be a jewel of Romanesque art. It is the style that predominates in the construction, but it also has Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and even neoclassical elements. wonders like The facade of the Obradoiro or the porch of glory make this cathedral a unique work.

But we can’t forget the Burgos Cathedral, with its predominant French Gothic style. It also received later modifications. But if it is impressive on the outside, it is no less so on the inside. It houses authentic sculptural and architectural gems such as the golden scalethe gothic altarpiece of Gil de Siloé or the many fallen down among which stands out the cid. Likewise, the original is flycatcheran articulated structure that opens its mouth to the sound of the chime.

We could tell you about other magnificent cathedrals that are among the important monuments of Spain. For instance, Murcia, that of Salamanca That is Almudena to Madrid. However, we prefer to move on to other equally extraordinary buildings.

The Mosque of Cordoba

Cordoba Mosque

Aerial view of the Mosque of Cordoba

This is the case of the impressive mosque of Cordoba, which is however currently Cathedral of the Assumption of Our Lady. With nearly twenty-four thousand square meters, it was the second largest in the world after Mecca.

Its construction began in the 8th century and it is, together with the Alhambra, the most important preserved monument of the Andalusian art. However, it has also been reformed several times. In fact, some of its doors, like that of Saint Catherine it is rebirth. It is one of many that make up the exterior of the building, in which the bell tower and the old minaret, balconies like those on the south facade and patios like that of the the orange trees.

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The latter has its origin in the patio of ablutions of the original mosque and has fountains such as Santa María or Cinamomo and cisterns such as Almanzor. As for the interior, it is very famous the hypostyle hall, with its columns and arches. But also the Mannerist altarpiece of the main chapel, the whole of the choir or the various chapels. Among them, the Real, that of San Ambrosio, that of Villaviciosa or that of Our Lady of Conception.

Alcázar de Segovia, a fortress among the important monuments of Spain

Alcazar of Segovia

The imposing Alcazar of Segovia

This majestic 12th century castle is the most visited of its kind in Spain. He dominates the Eresma Valley and dominates the historic Castilian city. Twenty-two kings and some of the most important people in history have passed through it. It is also one of the best examples of a 12th century military fortress in the world.

Externally, the Alcázar is distributed in a Herrerian courtyard with a moat, a drawbridge and a keep, imposing with its square plan and its four towers. But even more spectacular is the John II Towerwhich is later and Gothic, as well as the so-called Moorish terracewhich offers you a magnificent view of the Plaza de la Reina Victoria Eugenia.

As for the interior, the fortress has impressive halls. the of the old palace it is distinguished by its twin windows and baseboards; the the fireplace for his portraits and tapestries; that of Throne for its royal seats under canopies and that of the gallery It receives this name because of its ancient coffered ceiling in the shape of an inverted ship’s hull. The royal bedroom, the chapel and other rooms such as the arms room complete the interior of the Alcazar.

Finally, on one of the sides of the place d’armes, we can see the Royal College of Artillery Museum. And, as an anecdote, we will tell you that the shapes of this construction are so wonderful and suggestive that they are said to have served as a model for waltz disney for your castle Cinderella. It is no coincidence that it receives visitors from all over the world.

In conclusion, we have shown you some important monuments of Spain. But we could have mentioned many others. For example, those who make up the Asturian Pre-Romanesque, unique on the whole planet. Or also the majestic Merida Roman Theater, built in the 1st century BC and still used for shows. Or, finally, the majestic Monastery of San Lorenzo del Escorial, a Renaissance gem that has been called the eighth wonder of the world. All this without forgetting others like the Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar in Zaragoza, the walls of Avila vague tower of hercules in La Coruña, which has existed for two thousand years. Don’t you think the important monuments of Spain are wonderful?

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